Nutritional and anti-gastro ulcerative role of the gum Arabic (Acacia senegal L.) compared to a reference drug
Background: As alcohol consumption increases, ethanol impacts ulcers as a factor that causes stomach mucosal invasion, which leads to stomach ulcers. Alcohol damages the stomach through a number of processes, including increased gastric secretion, the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and ethanol induces a variety of pathogenic events as it is associated with the formation of stomach ulcers.
Objective: The goal of this study was to see if gum Arabic as a functional food could protect albino rats against ethanol-induced stomach damage.
Materials and Methods: Six groups of 30 female albino rats were formed: normal control, ulcer control, omeprazole + ethanol, and groups 4, 5, and 6, which were given GA at 7.5, 12, 25 g/ kg/ day (bw), then lab rat were given 5 mL/kg /day (bw) ethanol orally for 30 days to cause stomach mucosal damage.
Results: GA suppressed gastric inflammation by lowering TNF-α and IL-6 levels while increasing IL-10 levels. GA also improved HDL, total protein, albumin, and globulin levels while lowering cholesterol, triglycerides, VLDL-C, LDL-C, and phospholipids.
Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that GA plays a protective role toward gastric mucosal injury in rats induced by ethanol, which in turn reduced the inflammatory response, and significantly reduced the hemorrhagic gastric lesions and the pH of the gastric contents.
Keywords: Functional food, Alcoholic, polysaccharides, soluble fiber, tumor necrosis factor alpha, oxidative stress
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